Quick Answer: Which Of The Following Is Pear Shaped Organ?

What are the 11 organs in the digestive system?

The hollow organs that make up the GI tract are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anus.

The liver, pancreas, and gallbladder are the solid organs of the digestive system..

Do the lungs cover the heart?

In humans the lungs take up a lot of the chest cavity. They are located just behind, and to either side of, the heart. They extend down from the collarbone to the diaphragm (the muscular wall between the chest cavity and the abdominal cavity).

What are the four functions of the stomach?

The core function of the human stomach is as an aid to diges- tion. The four key components of gastric digestive function are its function as a reservoir, acid secretion, enzyme secre- tion and its role in gastrointestinal motility.

What is a pear shaped gland called?

The gallbladder is a pear shaped gland in the digestive and endocrine system of vertebrates. … The gallbladder stores and concentrates a yellow-brown digestive enzyme called bile when it is not needed for digestion. The bile is produced by the liver.

What are the 12 organs of the body?

They are the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Only the reproductive system varies significantly between males and females.

What color is the human gallbladder?

Gallbladder: The gallbladder as depicted in Gray’s Anatomy. The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that stores about 50 ml of the bile produced by the liver until the body needs it for digestion. It is about 7–10cm long in humans and is dark green in color.

What is the smallest organ in the body?

What’s the smallest organ in the human body? You’ll find the pineal gland near the center of the brain, in a groove between the hemispheres. It’s not an organ like those in the abdominal cavity.

What are the list of organs?

Some of the easily recognisable internal organs and their associated functions are:The brain. The brain is the control centre of the nervous system and is located within the skull. … The lungs. … The liver. … The bladder. … The kidneys. … The heart. … The stomach. … The intestines.

What are the 4 parts of the stomach?

Structure. There are four main regions in the stomach: the cardia, fundus, body, and pylorus (Figure 23.4. 1). The cardia (or cardiac region) is the point where the esophagus connects to the stomach and through which food passes into the stomach.

What are 4 cells of the stomach and their function?

Four major types of secretory epithelial cells cover the surface of the stomach and extend down into gastric pits and glands: Mucous cells: secrete an alkaline mucus that protects the epithelium against shear stress and acid. Parietal cells: secrete hydrochloric acid. Chief cells: secrete pepsin, a proteolytic enzyme.

Where is gallbladder in body?

The gallbladder is a small pouch that sits just under the liver. The gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver.

Are two spongy organs found in the?

Lungs. The lungs are a pair of large, spongy organs found in the thorax lateral to the heart and superior to the diaphragm.

Where is gallbladder pain located?

If a gallstone lodges in a duct and causes a blockage, the resulting signs and symptoms may include: Sudden and rapidly intensifying pain in the upper right portion of your abdomen. Sudden and rapidly intensifying pain in the center of your abdomen, just below your breastbone. Back pain between your shoulder blades.

What are the 10 parts of the respiratory system?

What makes up the respiratory system?Nose.Mouth.Throat (pharynx)Voice box (larynx)Windpipe (trachea)Airways (bronchi)Lungs.

Why are the lungs pink?

The lungs are made of a soft, elastic, spongy tissue. The large numbers of blood capillaries and rich blood supply give the lungs their pink colour. The lungs are pink in colour because blood touches it.

What does a gallstone attack feel like?

A gallbladder attack usually causes a sudden gnawing pain that gets worse. You may feel it in the upper right or center of your belly, in your back between your shoulder blades, or in your right shoulder. You might also vomit or have nausea.

What organ lies behind the stomach?

In humans, the stomach lies between the oesophagus and the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine). It is in the left upper part of the abdominal cavity. The top of the stomach lies against the diaphragm. Lying behind the stomach is the pancreas.

What are the 14 body systems?

These 14 systems are the Musculoskeletal system; Organs of Special Sense (optical); Auditory; Infectious Diseases, Immune Disorders, and Nutritional Deficiencies; Respiratory system; Cardiovascular system; Digestive system; Genitourinary System; Hemic and Lymphatic system; Skin; Endocrine system; Neurological …

What is the largest organ in the body?

SkinSkin is the human body’s largest organ. Body organs aren’t all internal like the brain or the heart. There’s one we wear on the outside. Skin is our largest organ—adults carry some 8 pounds (3.6 kilograms) and 22 square feet (2 square meters) of it.

Who named body parts?

When the ancient Greeks were naming body parts, they were probably trying to give them names that were easy to remember, says Mary Fissell, a professor in the Department of the History of Medicine at Johns Hopkins.