What is social stratification in sociology?
Social stratification refers to a society’s categorization of its people into groups based on socioeconomic factors like wealth, income, race, education, ethnicity, gender, occupation, social status, or derived power (social and political)..
What are some examples of social stratification?
The status of people is often determined by how society is stratified – the basis of which can include;Wealth and income – This is the most common basis of stratification.Social class.Ethnicity.Gender.Political status.Religion (e.g. the caste system in India)
What causes social stratification?
Social stratification refers to the way people are ranked and ordered in society. In Western countries, this stratification primarily occurs as a result of socioeconomic status in which a hierarchy determines the groups most likely to gain access to financial resources and forms of privilege.
What is social stratification in sociology quizlet?
social stratification. a socioeconomic system that divides society’s members into categories ranking from high to low, based on things like wealth, power, and prestige. status consistency. the consistency, or lack thereof, of an individual’s rank across social categories like income, education, and occupation. wealth.
What are the four major types of social stratification?
Concrete forms of social stratification are different and numerous. However, sociologists have grouped majority of these into four basic systems of stratification: slavery, estates, caste and class.
What is social stratification and its types?
Sociologists generally distinguish four main types of social stratification – slavery, estate, caste and social class and status. … Ogburn and Nimkoff define social stratification as the process by which individuals and groups are ranked in a more or less enduring hierarchy of status.